Jul 2021

Water Intake and Your Period

  • By: Samantha Denäe

Water makes up 70% of the human body and most often than not, we don’t consume as much water as we should. In order to maintain your body temperature, waste removal, lubricating joints, your body needs water. Dehydration can cause extreme thirst, dizziness and fatigue, and more but when it involves your period, we are more likely to be dehydrated during that time, causing muscular pain due to the lack of oxygen reaching your red blood cells. 

At the start of the menstrual cycle when your progesterone and estrogen levels recede, your body can retain water. When your body retains water the fluids will leak into the surrounding tissues instead of staying in your blood vessels. Also, alcohol and caffeine can worsen dehydration so limit these items when your period is approaching.

Here is what happens when you are dehydrated during your period:

1. Bloating and cramps

Estrogen and progesterone levels are usually low during your period. When the levels drop, your body will retain water, causing bloating and cramping. Drinking at least 8 to 10 glasses of water a day during your period can help alleviate bloating and cramping as the water is flushing out your system. 

2. Migraines and headaches

When the body is dehydrated, it can cause migraines and headaches. When you’re experiencing migraines, not enough oxygen is reaching your brain cells and not having enough water could cause the brain to temporarily contract from fluid loss. This makes the brain pull away from the skull, which leads to throbbing headaches and triggering migraines. If you experience migraines, you should pay special attention to your water intake and hydration levels during your menstrual cycle. Increasing your water intake will make the brain return to its normal state, relieving the headache and migraine.

3. Reduced urination and pain

If the body is dehydrated, it can lead to a decreased urine output and make your urine darker in color. This is due to your kidneys holding on to as much water as possible during dehydration. When you do not pass urine frequently, it can cause pain in the lower abdominal and is discomforting. Consistently having water will reduce pain and activate the urine tract. 

4. Feeling Fatigued

Weakness and fatigue happens a lot during the period. This could be a sign of dehydration because low water intake can lower the blood pressure, therefore reducing energy levels. Additionally,  when you’re not drinking enough water, your fluid balance can be altered, and this may make you feel weak because the heart has to pump harder in order to supply the skin and muscles with oxygen and nutrients.

So, listen to your body and drink water throughout the day to manage your periods more comfortably.

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